An Overview of Carbon Steel Pipes- Description and Manufacturing process:
Carbon Steel pipes are made by mixing carbon and steel in a suitable ratio to obtain a metal alloy that has great strength and durability. Carbon steel pipes are often used in gas, petrochemical, chemical, and oil industry applications. They are available in abundance and have great strength, reliability, and durability. Carbon steel pipes have a wide array of connection fittings and types. Carbon steel pipes are mostly utilized for liquid and gas transportation systems. Carbon steel pipes are widely used for air, water, and steam transport and transmission.
Carbon steel pipe is cost-efficient and economic. It has low maintenance and does not require any special servicing. It has a lower material cost compared to other non-ferrous metal alloys. These pipes are available in a wide range of sizes, walls thicknesses, lengths, and grades. The elongation process of carbon steel pipes enables them to be rolled, formed, fabricated, bent, and shaped into numerous sizes and configurations. The elongation process makes the carbon steel pipes durable enough to withstand high pressure, stress, strain, etc. without the risk of cracking.
Therefore, yes! Carbon steel is suitable for piping.
Let us check out some of the properties of Carbon Steel Pipes:
1. Carbon steel Pipes can be classified into three main groups
Low Carbon Steel- 0.05 to 0.25% carbon.
Medium Carbon Steel- 0.25 to 0.5% carbon
High Carbon Steel- greater than 0.5% carbon.
The weldability of carbon steel is inversely proportional to its carbon content. This means that, with an increase in carbon content, the weldability decreases. Low carbon steel is easy to weld and is readily weldable. Medium carbon steel can also be welded quite easily but may require pre-weld heat application and heat treatment after the welding process. High Carbon Steel is extremely tough to weld and it is extremely important to provide appropriate heat before welding and provide heat treatment after welding high carbon steel.
3. Forging Carbon Steel
At the appropriate forging temperatures, carbon steel can be forged easily and conveniently. Carbon steel that has been forged is used to make flanges, threaded fittings, socket welds, etc. The size limit of forged pieces of equipment is 2 inches. The forging temperature decreases with an increase in carbon content.